Performances of Zeolite, Coconut Shell, and Zeolite+Coconut Shell-Based Water Cartridges to Minimize Contaminants of Drinking Water

Yohanes Buang, Suwari, David Tambaru, and Antonius R. Basa Ola

Department of Chemistry , Faculty of Sciences and Engineering, Nusa Cendana University, Kupang, INDONESIA

The JACSOnline Group Publisher publishes the work under the licensing of a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Authors retain the copyright to their work. Users may read, copy and distribute the work in any medium  provided the authors and the journal are appropriately credited. The users may not use the material for commercial purposes.

pdf-vsmall PDF | Show Abstract

Performances of zeolite, coconut shell, and zeolite+coconut shell-based water cartridges to minimize contaminants of drinking waters were conducted in the present study. The zeolite stones and coconut shell charcoal were powdered to be ≥ 60 meshes. The powders were packed into a cartridge to provide zeolite, coconut shell, and zeolite+coconut shell (1:2) cartridges, respectively. Well waters allowed to flow through each cartridge for a month. Thereafter, each water filtrate was harvested and analyzed numbers of parameters from four variables included in the quality table of drinking water. The total coliform found in each 100 mL of the well water equaled to 460 MPN (most possible number) while the fecal coli equaled to 150. When the well water flowed through the developing cartridges, the MPN content varied which depended on the cartridge materials qualitative compositions. Total coliform remained in water filtrates of the well waters flowed through the cartridges made of zeolite, coconut charcoal, and their mixture (1:2 by volume) were 38, 240, and 96 MPN, respectively. These developing cartridges, therefore, could remove these total coliform from the well waters by 92, 48, and 79 %, respectively. Overall, the performance of the developing cartridge made of zeolite was highest among those cartridges.

Cited references

Buang Y, Suwari S, Ola ARB, Ati VM. Roles of Hydroxyl Ions in Water-Based Solvents to Isolate Antioxidant Constituents of Natural Products. J. 2017;4(2):344-352. doi:10.22341/jacs.on.00402p344
Buang Y, Suwari, Ola ARB. Effects of pH changes in water-based solvents to isolate antibacterial activated extracts of natural products. In: Author(s); 2017. doi:10.1063/1.5015997
Li X, Narayanan S, Michaelis VK, et al. Zeolite Y adsorbents with high vapor uptake capacity and robust cycling stability for potential applications in advanced adsorption heat pumps. M. 2015;201:151-159. doi:10.1016/j.micromeso.2014.09.012
Ndiege N, Raidoo R, Schultz MK, Larsen S. Preparation of a Versatile Bifunctional Zeolite for Targeted Imaging Applications. L. 2011;27(6):2904-2909. doi:10.1021/la2000409
Rani A, Kumar A, Lal A, Pant M. Cellular mechanisms of cadmium-induced toxicity: a review. I. 2013;24(4):378-399. doi:10.1080/09603123.2013.835032
Silhavy TJ, Kahne D, Walker S. The Bacterial Cell Envelope. C. 2010;2(5):a000414-a000414. doi:10.1101/cshperspect.a000414
Widjajanto DW, Purbajanti ED, Sumarsono, Utama CS. The Role of Local Microorganisms Generated from Rotten Fruits and Vegetables in Producing Liquid Organic Fertilizer. J. 2017;4(1):325-329. doi:10.22341/jacs.on.00401p325

The Author