Category: Volume 3, No. 1, 2016

*Click article title to see the number of citations

artikel alor

Teruyoshi YANAGITAa, b, c

aProfessor Emeritus of Saga University, JAPAN, and National ANCASH University, PERUbVisiting Professor of Chinese Ocean University, CHINA, and Nishi Kyushu University, JAPAN,  Director of Saga Regional Industry Support Center: Saga Food & Cosmetic Laboratoryc

The JACSOnline Group Publisher publishes the work under the licensing of a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Authors retain the copyright to their work. Users may read, copy and distribute the work in any medium  provided the authors and the journal are appropriately credited. The users may not use the material for commercial purposes.

Evaluation of Nitrogen Loss from Leaves of Different Varieties of Rice Using 15N-Labelling Technique

CHEN Nengchang1,3, Didik W. Widjajanto*2,3, ZHENG Yiji1, INAGA Shunji3, and TASAKI Atsushi3

1Pollution Control and Remediation Centre, Guangdong Institute of Eco-Environmental and Soil Sciences, Guangzhou City 510650, CHINA,  2Ecology and Plant Production Laboratory, Faculty of Animal Agriculture, Diponegoro University, Semarang City 50241, INDONESIA, 3Plant Nutrition Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima City 890-0065, JAPAN. 

The JACSOnline Group Publisher publishes the work under the licensing of a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Authors retain the copyright to their work. Users may read, copy and distribute the work in any medium  provided the authors and the journal are appropriately credited. The users may not use the material for commercial purposes.

https://doi.org/10.22341/jacson.00301p300

Cited references

1–8

Save

1.
Goshima N, Mukai T, Suemori M, Takahashi M, Caboche M, Morikawa H. Emission of nitrous oxide (N2O) from transgenic tobacco expressing antisense NiR mRNA. P. 1999;19(1):75-80. doi:10.1046/j.1365-313x.1999.00494.x
2.
Hao X, Chang C, Carefoot JM, Janzen HH, Ellert BH. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. 2001;60(1/3):1-8. doi:10.1023/a:1012603732435
3.
Hou AX, Chen GX, Wang ZP, Van Cleemput O, Patrick WH. Methane and Nitrous Oxide Emissions from a Rice Field in Relation to Soil Redox and Microbiological Processes. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 2000;64(6):2180. doi:10.2136/sssaj2000.6462180x
4.
Liu S, Reiners WA, Keller M, Schimel DS. Simulation of nitrous oxide and nitric oxide emissions from tropical primary forests in the Costa Rican Atlantic Zone. E. 2000;15(8):727-743. doi:10.1016/s1364-8152(00)00030-x
5.
S. R. M. Journal of Environment Quality. 2000;29(2):621. doi:10.2134/jeq2000.292621x
6.
Rudaz A., Wälti E, Kyburz G, Lehmann P, Fuhrer J. Temporal variation in N2O and N2 fluxes from a permanent pasture in Switzerland in relation to management, soil water content and soil temperature. A. 1999;73(1):83-91. doi:10.1016/s0167-8809(99)00005-5
7.
Smart DR, Bloom AJ. Wheat leaves emit nitrous oxide during nitrate assimilation. P. 2001;98(14):7875-7878. doi:10.1073/pnas.131572798
8.
Yan X. Pathways of N2O emission from rice paddy soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 2000;32(3):437-440. doi:10.1016/s0038-0717(99)00175-3

Synthesis and Application of C-Phenylcalix[4]resorcinarene in Adsorption of Cr(III) and Pb(II)

Budiana I Gusti M. Ngurah*1, Jumina2, and Chairil Anwar2

1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Education and Teacher Training, Nusa Cendana University,  Jl. Adisucipto Penfui, Kupang, 85001, INDONESIA, 2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, INDONESIA

The JACSOnline Group Publisher publishes the work under the licensing of a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Authors retain the copyright to their work. Users may read, copy and distribute the work in any medium  provided the authors and the journal are appropriately credited. The users may not use the material for commercial purposes.

pdf-vsmall PDF | Show Abstract

Synthesis and application of C-phenylcalix[4]resorcinarene (CPCR) as the Cr(III) and Pb(II) adsorbent has been conducted. CPCR was produced by acid-catalyzed-condensation of resorcinol and benzaldehyde. The characterization of the target compound was performed by IR, 1H-NMR, and LC-MS. The adsorption process using batch system. Most parameters in batch system confirm that CPCR is a good adsorbent for Cr(III) and Pb(II). The Cr(III) uptake was bigger than that of Pb(II), and also Cr(III) adsorption rate was faster than Pb(II). The adsorption kinetic both of Cr(III) and Pb(II)  adsorptions in batch followed pseudo 2nd order kinetics model. The results of adsorption equilibrium study showed that in adsorption Cr(III) and Pb(II) onto CPCR, Langmuir isotherm model was more applicable than Freundlich model.

https://doi.org/10.22341/jacson.00301p289

Cited references

1–10

Save

1.
Barnes CL, Bosch E. Self-Assembly of C-Methyl Calix[4]resorcinarene with 5,5′-Bipyrimidine. J. 2007;37(11):783-786. doi:10.1007/s10870-007-9228-3
2.
Beyeh NK, Kogej M, Åhman A, Rissanen K, Schalley CA. Flying Capsules: Mass Spectrometric Detection of Pyrogallarene and Resorcinarene Hexamers. A. 2006;45(31):5214-5218. doi:10.1002/anie.200600687
3.
Botta B, Cassani M, D’Acquarica I, Subissati D, Zappia G, Monache G. Resorcarenes: Hollow Building Blocks for the Host-Guest Chemistry. C. 2005;9(12):1167-1202. doi:10.2174/1385272054553613
4.
JAIN VK, PILLAI SG, PANDYA RA, AGRAWAL YK, SHRIVASTAV PS. Selective Extraction, Preconcentration and Transport Studies of Thorium(IV) Using Octa-Functionalized Calix[4]resorcinarene-Hydroxamic Acid. A. 2005;21(2):129-135. doi:10.2116/analsci.21.129
5.
Kazakova EK, Ziganshina AU, Muslinkina LA, et al. Journal of Inclusion Phenomena and Macrocyclic Chemistry. 2002;43(1/2):65-69. doi:10.1023/a:1020404220640
6.
Nicod L, Chitry F, Gaubert E, Lemaire M, Barnier H. Journal of Inclusion Phenomena and Macrocyclic Chemistry. 1999;34(2):143-154. doi:10.1023/a:1008081300255
7.
Ruderisch A, Iwanek W, Pfeiffer J, Fischer G, Albert K, Schurig V. Synthesis and characterization of a novel resorcinarene-based stationary phase bearing polar headgroups for use in reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. J. 2005;1095(1-2):40-49. doi:10.1016/j.chroma.2005.07.109
8.
Sokoließ T, Schönherr J, Menyes U, Roth U, Jira T. Characterization of calixarene- and resorcinarene-bonded stationary phases. J. 2003;1021(1-2):71-82. doi:10.1016/j.chroma.2003.09.014
9.
Tunstad LM, Tucker JA, Dalcanale E, et al. Host-guest complexation. 48. Octol building blocks for cavitands and carcerands. J. 1989;54(6):1305-1312. doi:10.1021/jo00267a015
10.
Utzig E, Pietraszkiewicz O, Pietraszkiewicz M. Thermal analysis of calix[4]resorcinarene complexes with secondary and tertiary amines. J. 2004;78(3):973-980. doi:10.1007/s10973-005-0463-0

Changes in Proximate Content of Macroalgae Ulva Sp during Co-culture with Abalone Haliotis squamata in Coastal Waters of West Timor-Indonesia

Ricky Gimin*, AgnetteTjendanawangi, and Yahyah

Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries, Nusa Cendana University, Jl.Adisucipto Penfui, Kupang 85001, INDONESIA

The JACSOnline Group Publisher publishes the work under the licensing of a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Authors retain the copyright to their work. Users may read, copy and distribute the work in any medium  provided the authors and the journal are appropriately credited. The users may not use the material for commercial purposes.

pdf-vsmall PDF | Show Abstract

Abalone is luxurious seafood that fetches a very high price. To fulfill increasing market demand, aquaculture is a necessity. Feed is a prerequisite for developing an aquaculture for this species.  In the absence of artificial diets, abalone growers have to depend entirely on macro algae such as Ulva sp harvested from a natural population.  Abalone are known to consume a large amount of algal diet, thus dependence on wild algae could lead to a heavy exploitation of algae population. One of the strategies to maintain the supply of Ulva sp is by culturing together with H. squamata in the same area.  However, there is no information whether the cultured algae would match the nutritional quality of algae collected from the wild. This research evaluated the proximate composition of Ulva sp growing in two culture systems i.e., cage culture in the open sea and recirculating aquaculture system (RAS) in the land.  The proximate of the cultured Ulva was compared with those freshly collected from the wild. Results showed that protein content differed significantly among the two cultured Ulva and the wild ones (P<0.05). Ulva cultured in RAS contained the highest level of protein (16.89±0.87 % dw), followed by those cultured in a cage (11.29±0.31% dw), and the lowest occurred in the wild Ulva. Cultured and wild Ulva had high carbohydrate content ranged from 46.56±5.03 to 49.29±3.5% dw, but ANOVA showed no significant differences among the source of algae (P>0.05).  Lipid was a minor component in Ulva with levels ranged from 0.25±0.05 to 0.9±0.31 % dw. There were significant differences in the lipid content among source of algae (P<0.05) with the highest level observed on Ulva grown in RAS, followed in decreasing order by Ulva grown in the cage and the wild ones. This study recommends that abalone growers should culture Ulva because it improves the nutritional quality of the algae and reduces dependence on the wild Ulva that could threaten the natural algal population.

 https://doi.org/10.22341/jacson.00301p306

Cited references

1–18

Save

Save

1.
Bligh EG, Dyer WJ. A RAPID METHOD OF TOTAL LIPID EXTRACTION AND PURIFICATION. C. 1959;37(8):911-917. doi:10.1139/o59-099
2.
Britz PJ. The suitability of selected protein sources for inclusion in formulated diets for the South African abalone, Haliotis midae. A. 1996;140(1-2):63-73. doi:10.1016/0044-8486(95)01197-8
3.
Cahill PL, Hurd CL, Lokman M. Keeping the water clean — Seaweed biofiltration outperforms traditional bacterial biofilms in recirculating aquaculture. A. 2010;306(1-4):153-159. doi:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2010.05.032
4.
DuBois M, Gilles KA, Hamilton JK, Rebers PA, Smith F. Colorimetric Method for Determination of Sugars and Related Substances. A. 1956;28(3):350-356. doi:10.1021/ac60111a017
5.
Durazo-Beltrán E, Viana MT, D’Abramo LR, Toro-Vazquez JF. Effects of starvation and dietary lipid on the lipid and fatty acid composition of muscle tissue of juvenile green abalone (Haliotis fulgens). A. 2004;238(1-4):329-341. doi:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2004.03.025
6.
Fleming AE, Van Barneveld RJ, Hone PW. The development of artificial diets for abalone: A review and future directions. A. 1996;140(1-2):5-53. doi:10.1016/0044-8486(95)01184-6
7.
Figueroa F, Israel A, Neori A, et al. Effects of nutrient supply on photosynthesis and pigmentation in Ulva lactuca (Chlorophyta): responses to short-term stress. A. 2009;7:173-183. doi:10.3354/ab00187
8.
Harrison PJ, Druehl LD, Lloyd KE, Thompson PA. Nitrogen uptake kinetics in three year-classes of Laminaria groenlandica (Laminariales: Phaeophyta). M. 1986;93(1):29-35. doi:10.1007/bf00428652
9.
Macchiavello J, Bulboa C. Nutrient uptake efficiency of Gracilaria chilensis and Ulva lactuca in an IMTA system with the red abalone Haliotis rufescens. l. 2014;42(3):523-533. doi:10.3856/vol42-issue3-fulltext-12
10.
Mai K, Mercer JP, Donlon J. Comparative studies on the nutrition of two species of abalone, Haliotis tuberculata L. and Haliotis discus hannai Ino. III. response of abalone to various levels of dietary lipid. A. 1995;134(1-2):65-80. doi:10.1016/0044-8486(95)00043-2
11.
MERCER JP, MAI K-S, DONLON J. Comparative studies on the nutrition of two species of abalone,Haliotis tuberculataLinnaeus andHaliotis discus hannaiIno I. Effects of algal diets on growth and biochemical composition. I. 1993;23(2-3):75-88. doi:10.1080/07924259.1993.9672298
12.
Metaxa E, Deviller G, Pagand P, Alliaume C, Casellas C, Blancheton JP. High rate algal pond treatment for water reuse in a marine fish recirculation system: Water purification and fish health. A. 2006;252(1):92-101. doi:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2005.11.053
13.
Naidoo K, Maneveldt G, Ruck K, Bolton JJ. A Comparison of Various Seaweed-Based Diets and Formulated Feed on Growth Rate of Abalone in a Land-Based Aquaculture System. J. 2006;18(3-5):437-443. doi:10.1007/s10811-006-9045-7
14.
PÉREZ-ESTRADA CJ, CIVERA-CERECEDO R, HERNÁNDEZ-LLAMAS A, SERVIERE-ZARAGOZA E. Growth and biochemical composition of juvenile green abalone Haliotis fulgens fed rehydrated macroalgae. Aquaculture Nutrition. 2011;17(2):e62-e69. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2095.2009.00733.x
15.
Qi Z, Liu H, Li B, et al. Suitability of two seaweeds, Gracilaria lemaneiformis and Sargassum pallidum, as feed for the abalone Haliotis discus hannai Ino. A. 2010;300(1-4):189-193. doi:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2010.01.019
16.
Robertson-Andersson DV, Potgieter M, Hansen J, et al. Integrated seaweed cultivation on an abalone farm in South Africa. J. 2008;20(5):579-595. doi:10.1007/s10811-007-9239-7
17.
Thongrod S, Tamtin M, Chairat C, Boonyaratpalin M. Lipid to carbohydrate ratio in donkey’s ear abalone (Haliotis asinina, Linne) diets. A. 2003;225(1-4):165-174. doi:10.1016/s0044-8486(03)00287-4
18.
Viera MP, Gómez Pinchetti JL, Courtois de Vicose G, et al. Suitability of three red macroalgae as a feed for the abalone Haliotis tuberculata coccinea Reeve. A. 2005;248(1-4):75-82. doi:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2005.03.002

Evaluate the Efficiencies of Reduction Techniques on Biological Oxygen Demand and Total Suspended Solid of Domestic Waste by Comparative Performance Index Method

Suwari* and Luther Kadang

Department of Chemistry Faculty of Science and Engineering  Nusa Cendana University, Jl. Adisucipto Penfui Kupang 85001, INDONESIA

The JACSOnline Group Publisher publishes the work under the licensing of a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Authors retain the copyright to their work. Users may read, copy and distribute the work in any medium  provided the authors and the journal are appropriately credited. The users may not use the material for commercial purposes.

pdf-vsmall PDF | Abstract

Population growth and limitations of domestic wastewater treatment plant cause pollution of surface water, especially river water. Application of constructed wetlands, biofilter, wastewater garden, and activated sludge to treat domestic wastewater was conducted to know the effectiveness in reducing of Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) and Total Suspended Solid (TSS). Comparative Performance Index (CPI) method had been used to find out the best technology that could be implemented for reduction efficiency of BOD and TSS from domestic wastewater. The results showed that constructed wetlands are the most effective technologies and applicable to the reduction of BOD and TSS, followed by wastewater garden, the biofilter and activated sludge. The effectiveness of constructed wetlands performance was evaluated which indicated good mean reduction efficiency: BOD (50 – 76%) and TSS (53 – 78%).

https://doi.org/10.22341/jacson.00301p273

Save

Inhibition Docking Simulation of Zerumbone, Gingerglycolipid B, and Curzerenone Compound of Zingiber zerumbet from Timor Island Against MurA Enzyme

Origenes B. Kapitan*, Laksmi Ambarsari**, and Syamsul Falah*

*Departemen Biokimia, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Institut Pertanian Bogor 16680, INDONESIA; **Pusat Penelitian Biofarmaka, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Jl. Taman Kencana No.3, Bogor 16128, INDONESIA

The JACSOnline Group Publisher publishes the work under the licensing of a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Authors retain the copyright to their work. Users may read, copy and distribute the work in any medium  provided the authors and the journal are appropriately credited. The users may not use the material for commercial purposes.

pdf-vsmall PDF |Abstract

Zingiber zerumbet is a medicinal plant which is traditionally used to treat ulcerative lesions. In this research, it has been done an in vitro study of its antibacterial activity test from crude ethyl acetate, ethanol, and aqueous extracts. The result of LC-MS analysis showed that the most active antibacterial compounds in the ethyl acetate, ethanol, and aqueous extract were zerumbone, gingerglycolipid B, and curzerenone. Further molecular docking simulation was performed using Autodock Vina to filter based on the value of affinity zerumbone, gingerglycolipid B, and curzerenone in the active site of MurA enzymes (ΔGbinding). The result indicated that the affinity energy (ΔGbinding) molecular docking of the natural ligand (substrat), drug ligand (fosfomycin), zerumbone ligand, gingerglycolipid B ligand, and the curzerenone ligand against the MurA enzyme were respectively -10.1, -4.7, -8.3, -8,4 and -7.4  kcal mol-1. Further docking simulations indicated that there was a competitive reaction mechanism between zerumbone (test ligand) with an uridine-diphosphate-N-asetylglucosamine substrate in the enzyme as a test ligand to occupy the same spot as the substrate therefore inhibiting the formation of peptidoglycan, a major constituent of bacterial cell wall. Analysis of ΔGbinding value and the result of docking simulations interaction finally indicated that the zerumbone ligand had the highest potential to replace fosfomycin drug in inhibiting the synthesis of bacterial peptidoglycan.

https://doi.org/10.22341/jacson.00301p279

Cited references

1–9

Save

1.
de Pedro MA, Cava F. Structural constraints and dynamics of bacterial cell wall architecture. F. 2015;6. doi:10.3389/fmicb.2015.00449
2.
Eschenburg S, Priestman MA, Abdul-Latif FA, Delachaume C, Fassy F, Schönbrunn E. A Novel Inhibitor That Suspends the Induced Fit Mechanism of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine Enolpyruvyl Transferase (MurA). J. 2005;280(14):14070-14075. doi:10.1074/jbc.m414412200
3.
Hubbard RE, Kamran Haider M. Hydrogen Bonds in Proteins: Role and Strength. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. February 2010. doi:10.1002/9780470015902.a0003011.pub2
4.
Kader G, Nikkon F, Rashid MA, Yeasmin T. Antimicrobial activities of the rhizome extract of Zingiber zerumbet Linn. A. 2011;1(5):409-412. doi:10.1016/s2221-1691(11)60090-7
5.
Leeson PD, Springthorpe B. The influence of drug-like concepts on decision-making in medicinal chemistry. N. 2007;6(11):881-890. doi:10.1038/nrd2445
6.
Singh CB, Nongalleima K, Brojendrosingh S, Ningombam S, Lokendrajit N, Singh LW. Biological and chemical properties of Zingiber zerumbet Smith: a review. P. 2011;11(1):113-125. doi:10.1007/s11101-011-9222-4
7.
Ramachandran GN, Ramakrishnan C, Sasisekharan V. Stereochemistry of polypeptide chain configurations. J. 1963;7(1):95-99. doi:10.1016/s0022-2836(63)80023-6
8.
Vijesh AM, Isloor AM, Telkar S, Arulmoli T, Fun H-K. Molecular docking studies of some new imidazole derivatives for antimicrobial properties. A. 2013;6(2):197-204. doi:10.1016/j.arabjc.2011.10.007
9.
Vollmer W, Blanot D, De Pedro MA. Peptidoglycan structure and architecture. F. 2008;32(2):149-167. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6976.2007.00094.x