Month: November 2018

Healthy Ageing and Bioactive Lipids: Prevention of Fatty Liver and Alzheimer’s Disease

Teruyoshi YANAGITAa, b, c

aProfessor Emeritus of Saga University, JAPAN, and National ANCASH University, PERU, bVisiting Professor of Chinese Ocean University, CHINA, and Nishi Kyushu University, JAPAN,  Director of Saga Regional Industry Support Center: Saga Food & Cosmetic Laboratoryc

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Food factors are considered to be critical for health promotion and play an important role in the prevention of metabolic syndrome (life-style related diseases). Metabolic syndrome is typical common disease, such as abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension and diabetes mellitus that contribute to increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Metabolic syndrome is also closely associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and cognitive disorder and Alzheimer’s disease. The quality and quantity of dietary lipids have been recognized as contributing factors in the development and prevention of these diseases. Recent evidences suggest the preventive role of dietary bioactive lipids. In this context, we review the beneficial effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA, EPA, DPA, DHA, and THA) and phospholipids on metabolic syndrome and related diseases such as fatty liver and insulin resistance. Phospholipids have been reported to provide favorable effects against neurodegenerative disorders, including dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and age-related cognitive decline. The studies indicate that n-3 LCPUFA-phospholipids reduce the oxidative stress and inflammation in the brain hippopotamus and prevent the accumulation of amyloid β (A β) and then prevent the memory loss and the cognitive disorders. In conclusion, functional bioactive lipids may apply as supplements and/or functional food ingredients to relieve metabolic syndrome and neurodegenerative diseases.

https://doi.org/10.22341/jacson.00601pxxx

Antimicrobial Activity of Natural Disinfectant from Traditional Palm Wine

Annytha Detha1, Frans U. Datta2, Yunita Mila2, Yohanes Laka1, and Helda Gadja2

1Department of Public Health Veterinary, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, 2Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Nusa Cendana University, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia

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The aim of this study focuses on the antimicrobial activity of traditional wine, named Sopi and Moke, as natural antimicrobials. Evaluation of the decrease of bacterial contamination was done on poultry, cattle farms, and include farms. In this study, 108 swab samples were expected from twelve farms of Kupang city according to purposive random sampling design. Swab samples were analyzed for total aerobic plate count (TPC). The research proves that there is a decrease in the number of microbial decay contamination before and after a forester, Sopi and Moke conducted at four poultry, four cattle farms, and four include a screened farms compared with a commercial disinfectant (Formaldes®). The antimicrobial ability of Sopi and Moke can reduce the number of bacteria that contaminate the environment around the cage. The results of this research could be an indicator of Sopi and Moke for use as natural alternative disinfectants.

https://doi.org/10.22341/jacson.00502pxxx

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